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J Edu Health Promot 2021,  10:1

COVID-19: What approach should people take to prevent it?

1 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
2 Department of Health Education, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Research Center for Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

Date of Submission02-Oct-2020
Date of Acceptance10-Oct-2020
Date of Web Publication28-Jan-2021

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abedin Saghafipour
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_1343_20

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How to cite this article:
Saghafipour A, Abolkheirian S, Khazaei S. COVID-19: What approach should people take to prevent it?. J Edu Health Promot 2021;10:1

How to cite this URL:
Saghafipour A, Abolkheirian S, Khazaei S. COVID-19: What approach should people take to prevent it?. J Edu Health Promot [serial online] 2021 [cited 2023 Jun 1];10:1. Available from: https://www.jehp.net//text.asp?2021/10/1/1/308123


For the first time in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, in December 2019, a new type of human coronavirus (COVID-19) named called severe? acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was identified after people developed pneumonia for no apparent reason and available vaccines and treatments were ineffective.[1] The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the pandemic on March 11, 2020. On January 30, 2020, the WHO issued a statement declaring outbreak of the new coronavirus as a public health emergency that posed a threat to the entire world, not just China.[2] One of the most important measures in disease control and prevention is health education and awareness of ways to prevent the disease in high-risk groups or groups that have an important role in disease control. On the other hand, encouraging people to change their attitude and behaviour is the another point of disease control.[3] It seems that at present, the problems of the people in dealing with the novel coronavirus are not a matter of giving awareness, but the main problem is the attitude and practice of the people toward their own knowledge. If people act on what they know and have learned, most of the problems with the COVID-19 will be solved.[4] In the course of a rational practice, members of society gain attitude from knowledge, and then, practice is formed.[5] For instance, no one in society is unaware of the dangers of smoking, and many people acknowledge the dangers of smoking, but a significant percentage of them are smokers, which means that a reasonable course of knowledge, attitude, and practice has not been performed.[6],[7] In addition, citizens, must accept their social responsibility to prevent the novel coronavirus and prevent it from spreading further by adhering to health protocols and preventive measures against COVID-19 infection, including social distancing, wearing masks, and gloves.[8] This is no longer a personal issue and will overshadow the whole society. Furthermore, the role of people's cooperation with health policy-makers is also very important because individual prevention is not necessarily enough to prevent the spread of this disease. People in the community should work together to break the chain of COVID-19 transmission and change their lifestyle to prevent the disease. It seems that at present, “calmness and hope” and “conscious fear” among people in the community can be very effective in changing their attitudes and practices in observing the prevention points of novel coronavirus, and ultimately this change in attitude will lead to a change in behaviour.

People in the community and at-risk groups are expected to behave in a number of correct ways. They should wear masks, wash their hands regularly with soap and water, observe social distancing and be less likely to attend mass gatherings, and provide a healthy and comfortable life for themselves and their family members with peace, accept their social responsibility to prevent the novel coronavirus and hope to prevent this contagious disease.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Singhal T. A review of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Indian J Pediatr 2020;87:281-6.  Back to cited text no. 1
World Health Organization's response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Health_Organization%27s_response_to_the_COVID-19_pandemic. [Last accessed on 2020 Jun 29].  Back to cited text no. 2
Zühlke LJ, Engel ME. The importance of awareness and education in prevention and control of RHD. Glob Heart 2013;8:235-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
Roy D, Tripathy S, Kar SK, Sharma N, Verma SK, Kaushal V. Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety & perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic. Asian J Psychiatr 2020;51:102083.  Back to cited text no. 4
Jairoun A, Hassan N, Ali A, Jairoun O, Shahwan M. Knowledge, attitude and practice of antibiotic use among university students: A cross sectional study in UAE. BMC Public Health 2019;19:518.  Back to cited text no. 5
Baumeister RF. Addiction, cigarette smoking, and voluntary control of action: Do cigarette smokers lose their free will? Addict Behav Rep 2017;5:67-84.  Back to cited text no. 6
Memon MS, Shaikh SA, Shaikh AR, Fahim MF, N Mumtaz S, Ahmed N. An assessment of knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) towards diabetes and diabetic retinopathy in a suburban town of Karachi. Pak J Med Sci 2015;31:183-8.  Back to cited text no. 7
Sharma M, Chauhan A, Singh M, Singh M. Infection control measures for homes of coronavirus disease 2019 heroes. J Educ Health Promot 2020;9:132.  Back to cited text no. 8

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