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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 191

Investigating the effects of dust storms on morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases: A systematic review


1 Health in Emergency and Disaster Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran; Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran
2 Health in Emergency and Disaster Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
3 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Health in Emergency and Disaster Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mehrdad Farrokhi
Health in Emergency and Disaster Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_1272_20

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New epidemiological studies acknowledge the detrimental effects of dust storms on health. The aim of this study was to systematically review the effects of dust storms on the morbidity and mortality rates of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. The results of this study were obtained based on articles published in English-language journals. For the purpose of this study, all articles published until the end of 2020 based on the search in the “Scopus,” “Web of Science,” and “PubMed” databases were selected. Articles were searched independently by two trained researchers. Dust storms are the cause of many diseases and health-related complications, of which cardiovascular and respiratory diseases are common. It is necessary to recognize and investigate the harmful effects of dust storms to prevent serious harms to human societies. In the reviewed articles, the impact of dust storms on several diseases, including cardiovascular and respiratory diseases,has been analyzed. Most of these articles acknowledge the effect of dust storms on increasing the incidence and mortality rate of these diseases, although in some articles this effect is not statistically significant. Many studies conducted around the world confirm the harmful effects of dust storms on cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, including increase in the number and duration of hospitalizations, as well as increase in mortality and exacerbation of these diseases. However, some studies do not consider the harmful effects of dust storms on the above diseases to be statistically significant.


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