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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 183

A study to assess the effectiveness of a nutrition education session using flipchart among school-going adolescent girls

1 Department of Community Health, St. Stephen's Hospital, Delhi, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abha Mangal
Department of Community Health, St. Stephen's Hospital, Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_258_18

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INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is characterized by a rapid phase of growth and development during which the requirement of nutrition and micronutrients is relatively high. Although there is a decreasing trend in the prevalence of undernutrition among adolescents, the current prevalence of undernutrition is still very high (41.9%). Adolescents with good nutrition knowledge are more likely to follow healthy eating habits. In the light of this, the current study was planned to assess the baseline nutrition-related knowledge of adolescent girls and the effectiveness of nutrition education material (flipchart) in increasing their nutrition-related knowledge. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A school-based interventional study was conducted among adolescent girls of class 9th of a school in an urban slum of Delhi. A structured pretested Knowledge Assessment Questionnaire consisting of 10 multiple-choice questions in Hindi with a maximum score of 10 was used. The intervention was a nutrition education session conducted by doctors of Community Health department using specially designed flipcharts covering important aspects of nutrition relevant for adolescent girls. A demonstration of food items and charts and flex material was also given. The total sample size was 265 adolescent girls. RESULTS: Baseline knowledge as assessed by mean pretest score was poor (3.698 ± 1.81). The students' baseline knowledge was significantly associated with mother's educational status (P = 0.024). There was a significant increase (mean difference was 1.7890 ± 0.1434) in the nutrition-related knowledge of the participants after the intervention (P < 0.001). The proportion of students who improved, i.e., 147 (55.47%) was more than proportion who deteriorated (25 [9.43%]) after the educational session. This difference was found to be statistically significant (P ≤ 0.001). CONCLUSION: Nutrition knowledge was found poor among school-going adolescent girls, which significantly improved after the nutrition education session.

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