Journal of Education and Health Promotion

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 265-

Knowledge of breast cancer risk factors and methods for its early detection among the primary health-care workers in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh


Vikas Fotedar1, Shailee Fotedar2, Purnima Thakur1, Siddarth Vats1, Anup Negi1, Lalit Chanderkant1 
1 Department of Radiation Oncology, IGMC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, H. P. Government Dental College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vikas Fotedar
Department of Radiation Oncology, RCC, IGMC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
India

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is an increasing health problem in India. Screening for early detection should lead to a reduction in mortality from the disease. Majority of the population, especially in rural areas, contact health-care system through primary health-care workers. AIM: To know the knowledge of breast cancer risk factors and methods for its early detection among the primary health-care workers in Shimla district, Himachal Pradesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study questionnaire study was conducted among primary health-care workers (both males and females) in Shimla district, Himachal Pradesh. The data were analyzed using SPSS software version 16. The statistical tests used were t-test, ANOVA, and Fisher's exact test. P= 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Out of a total of 120 patients, there were 46 males (38.3%) and 74 females (61.7%). The mean age of the population was 48.5 ± 5.3 years, with a range of 25 and 57 years. The mean knowledge score percent of the present population was 71.04 ± 18.3. The mean knowledge score was higher among males (73.9 ± 19.8) as compared to females (69.2 ± 17.2). Approximately 43.3% of the participants had very good knowledge about risk factors followed by 31.7% having excellent knowledge, 20% having good knowledge, and 5% having poor knowledge. CONCLUSION: The overall mean knowledge percent about breast cancers among primary health-care workers in this study was very good, slightly higher among males and postgraduates, but to make it universal, reinforcement of educational programs can be planned for them.


How to cite this article:
Fotedar V, Fotedar S, Thakur P, Vats S, Negi A, Chanderkant L. Knowledge of breast cancer risk factors and methods for its early detection among the primary health-care workers in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh.J Edu Health Promot 2019;8:265-265


How to cite this URL:
Fotedar V, Fotedar S, Thakur P, Vats S, Negi A, Chanderkant L. Knowledge of breast cancer risk factors and methods for its early detection among the primary health-care workers in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. J Edu Health Promot [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Jan 21 ];8:265-265
Available from: http://www.jehp.net/article.asp?issn=2277-9531;year=2019;volume=8;issue=1;spage=265;epage=265;aulast=Fotedar;type=0