Journal of Education and Health Promotion

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 147-

Morbidity and mortality from technological disasters in Iran: A narrative review


Hamid Jafari1, Ahmad Jonidi Jafari2, Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam3, Salime Goharinezhad4 
1 Department of Health in Emergencies and Disasters, School of Health Management and Information, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Hygiene, Research Center for Environmental Health Technology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Research Center for Health Services Management, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
4 Education Development Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Ahmad Jonidi Jafari
Research Center for Environmental Health Technology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Hemmat Highway, Tehran 1449614535
Iran

Iran as a developing country is at risk of vulnerability to technological disasters. These types of disasters occur frequently in last years and affected thousands of lives. Technological disasters in Iran cause thousands of deaths, thousands of injuries, and millions of dollars' economic loss in recent years. We searched suitable keywords in national and international disaster databases for gathering epidemiological data in these disasters in Iran. In addition, we searched suitable keywords in scientific databases including Google Scholar, Scopus, PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Scientific Information Database, Magiran, and Irandoc. After screening, only 19 articles discussed challenges of technological disasters in the country. Road accidents, explosions and fires, mine accidents, and railway accidents are common events in the country. After 2015, these types of disaster cause 823 deaths and injuries. Experience of response to these disasters showed that technological disaster management in the country faces too many challenges including comprehensive and prospective programs, weakness of necessary infrastructure for urban management, weakness in group work and interorganizational coordination, lack of coherent involvement of people and nongovernmental organizations, lack of information coverage during the disaster, volunteers in police service presence at scene, and normalization of these events. Due to interorganizational nature of mitigation in technological disasters, it must be developed coordination between various organizations to mitigate these types of disasters.


How to cite this article:
Jafari H, Jafari AJ, Nekoei-Moghadam M, Goharinezhad S. Morbidity and mortality from technological disasters in Iran: A narrative review.J Edu Health Promot 2019;8:147-147


How to cite this URL:
Jafari H, Jafari AJ, Nekoei-Moghadam M, Goharinezhad S. Morbidity and mortality from technological disasters in Iran: A narrative review. J Edu Health Promot [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Aug 22 ];8:147-147
Available from: http://www.jehp.net/article.asp?issn=2277-9531;year=2019;volume=8;issue=1;spage=147;epage=147;aulast=Jafari;type=0