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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 210

Prevalence of body image concern among schoolgirls aged 12–17 years in Iran


1 Department of Social Medicine, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
2 Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Farideh Malekshahi
Department of Social Medicine, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_259_20

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BACKGROUND/AIM: Adolescent girls' concerns about their body images can negatively affect their social and academic performance. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of body image concern (BIC) in adolescent schoolgirls in Iran and its risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This epidemiological study with cross-sectional design was conducted in 2018 on 396 middle schoolgirls aged 12–17 years (mean age = 14 years) living in Khorramabad, Iran. For screening BIC, the Persian version of BIC inventory (BICI) was used. Their birth order, school grade, school type, father's education, and household income were also recorded. Collected data were analyzed in SPSS v. 18 software using descriptive statistics and Chi-square test. RESULTS: Of 396 girls, 106 (26.8%) had BIC, 89 (84%) reported moderate BIC, and 17 (16%) severe BIC. Their mean BICI score was 40.84 ± 12.93 (out of 42). Most of them reported to spend a significant amount of time checking their appearance in the mirror (n = 81, 20.5%) and examining flaws in their appearance (n = 74, 18.7%). A few of them were embarrassed to leave the house because of the appearance and avoided from looking at the appearance in the mirror (n = 6, 1.5%). There was no significant difference in BIC severity in terms of birth order, school grade, school type, father's education, and household income factors (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of BIC among schoolgirls in Iran is high. Appropriate therapeutic interventions should be carried out to improve their quality of life, mental health, and self-esteem to reduce the BIC prevalence.


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