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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 174

Investigation of the relationship of perceived social support and spiritual well-being with postpartum depression


1 Department of Psychiatric, Medicine School, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
2 Forghani Hospital Research Development Committee, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
3 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Neuroscience Research Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
5 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Zohre Khalajinia
Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_56_20

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BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression is a significant common health problem that has negative effects on mental and physical health of mothers and their infants. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between spiritual well-being (SWB) and perceived social support with postpartum depression in new mothers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a descriptive survey design, 200 mothers in the 4th–8th weeks after delivery, who referred to selected therapeutic centers in Qom Province, were selected by a convenience sampling method. They were asked to answer the question of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, SWB Scale, and Farhangestan Spiritual Health Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and Chi-square. RESULTS: The prevalence of postpartum depression in this group was 22%. Pearson correlation test showed that there was a negative correlation between high level of perceived social support and SWB with postpartum depression. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest that perceived social support and SWB have an important role in low depressive symptom in mothers during postpartum. This result can help health-care professionals to pay much attention to social support and SWB as a protective factor against postpartum depression in postpartum or pregnancy care programs.


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