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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12

Caregiving burden in family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia: A qualitative study


1 Ph.D. Candidate in Nursing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Nursing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Nursing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences; Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Nursing;Iranian Research Center on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Nursing, Medical Sciences Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
6 Department of Biostatistics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Masoud Fallahi-Khoshknab
Professor, Head of the Department of Nursing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_356_19

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INTRODUCTION: After the psychiatric revolution and implementation of deinstitutionalization policies, caring for people with a mental health condition shifted from psychiatric hospitals to their families. In this way, family caregivers were forced to take full responsibility for taking care of the patients that lead to the occurrence of challenges for them. Only a few studies have investigated the caregiving challenges of family caregivers in patients with schizophrenia. AIM: This study aimed to gain a better understanding of caregiving burden in family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia and its related factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This qualitative study was performed based on 12 family caregivers of schizophrenia patients visiting a psychiatric hospital in Tehran in 2018. Sampling was carried out based on the purposive sampling method and was continued until data saturation. All interviews were recorded, transcript, and imported into the MAXQDA software. Then, qualitative content analysis was conducted based on Graneheim and Lundman's five-step method. RESULTS: One theme, two main categories, and five subcategories were identified from the continuous analysis and data comparison. The “Perceived objective burden” as theme included two main categories: “Heavy involvement of caregivers” and “Challenges of the healthcare system”. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that the family caregivers of the patients with schizophrenia encounter many problems related to multiple responsibilities in the caring process and challenges in the provision of mental health-care services. This finding could improve psychiatric and mental health nurses' knowledge and awareness about caregiving challenges in family caregiver of patients with schizophrenia and related factors.


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