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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 94

Effect of BASNEF-based nutrition education on nutritional behaviors among elderly people and Mini Nutritional Assessment on nutritional status in elderly with diabetes with type 2 diabetes (A clinical trial intervention)

1 Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2 School of Tehran Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Social Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
4 Department of Statistics, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Davoud Shojaeizadeh
Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_222_18

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INTRODUCTION: The number of elderly people is growing in different communities like Iran, increasingly. Malnutrition prevalence is unknown among elderly patients with diabetes. Malnutrition is a common risk factor in elderly people with diabetes that may affect their health. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study is a random clinical trial. There are 200 samples in this study chosen randomly and divided into two intervention and control groups (100 each). Data of both groups were collected in the same way, before and 3 months after the intervention. Educational intervention was based on pretest, baseline BASNEF model, and Mini Nutritional Assessment questionnaire in four sessions. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Descriptive indices were used to analyze the data while Chi-square, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and correlation tests were used to examine the relationship between variables. RESULTS: The results were significantly different after intervention (P < 0.05), but they were not significantly different in control group after 3 months (P > 0.05). It was clear that 22% of samples had normal nutrition (score >24), 29% of participants were exposed to malnutrition, and 51% of samples were suffering from malnutrition. These numbers were 20% for normal nutrition, 30% for exposing to malnutrition, and 50% for suffering from malnutrition in the control group, respectively. Fifty percent of elderly people with diabetes suffered from malnutrition and almost half of them had normal nutrition that was 20%. CONCLUSIONS: BASNEF-based nutrition education intervention improves nutritional behaviors in addition to knowledge and attitude of elderly people with type 2 diabetes. It led to improve indices of glucose control during 3-month intervention. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the nutritional status of elderly people with diabetes and the effect of educational intervention based on the BASNEF model on promoting nutritional behaviors in the elderly with type 2 diabetes in Babol city, Iran.

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