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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
J Edu Health Promot 2019,  8:90

Assessing academic success rate and related factors among the students


Students' Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Date of Submission11-Aug-2018
Date of Acceptance02-Feb-2019
Date of Web Publication14-May-2019

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hamid Salehiniya
Students' Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_244_18

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  Abstract 

INTRODUCTION: One of the main criteria for students' merit in their study process and reaching the graduation step, is academic success. Therefore, identifying related factors can help the improvement of academic success rate. The aim of this study was to examine the academic success and related factors among the students of University of Tehran.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done on 384 students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Samples were selected through stratified sampling method. Data were collected through questionnaires of academic success scale 39 that reliability and validity of that were confirmed. Data analysis was done through SPSS18 software. Descriptive statistics and independent t-test, and correlation coefficient were performed at significance level of 0.05.
RESULTS: The mean academic success was 108.87 (standard deviation [SD] = 10.63) (69.78% of total score). The mean academic success in male was 110.04 (SD = 11.75) and in female was 108.20 (SD = 9.91). Independent t-test results indicate that there is a significant statistical relationship between marital status and the academic success (P < 0.05). The Pearson correlation test results showed that there was a statistically significant relationship between average with academic success (r = 0.17, P = 0.001).
CONCLUSION: Considering the effect of demographic variables on the academic success rate, academic success rate can be improved by planning to improve these factors.

Keywords: Academic success, medical sciences, students


How to cite this article:
Bayat B, Salehiniya H. Assessing academic success rate and related factors among the students. J Edu Health Promot 2019;8:90

How to cite this URL:
Bayat B, Salehiniya H. Assessing academic success rate and related factors among the students. J Edu Health Promot [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Sep 17];8:90. Available from: http://www.jehp.net/text.asp?2019/8/1/90/258132


  Introduction Top


One of the most important and prominent eligibility criteria among students during educational graduation is academic success.[1],[2] The sophistication of effective factors on academic success as well as the various definition of this issue has led to the necessity of several studies in this field.[3] Nowadays, there is no obvious definition of academic success. Achievement or success is not just a final objective but an approach with various contributing factors which is really achieved by sensible, tangible, and objective results.[4]

Obviously, there is no comprehensive definition of an academic success including all major concepts; therefore, this is an important challenging issue should be evaluated from several aspects. Standards for medical education accreditation council (Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education) with the main focus on communication skills, critical thinking, problem-solving, being professional and cooperation are the basics for dealing with intervention support for planned achievement.[5],[6],[7] According to APCE definition, it could be said that academic success includes other structures, as socialization, individual adjustment, and academic skills acquisition which usually not considered for common measurement in academic success level.[8],[9]

The aim of the educational institution is rising the academic level which is the indicator of educational objectives.[10] The duration of university study, particularly among medical science students may cause serious impact on them. Depression, anxiety, life problem, and changes in lifestyle may lead to psychological trauma and consequently declining in academic performance.[11] The result of other studies out of Iran demonstrated that gender, perceived social support, and status assessment predict 15% of academic success.[12] The study by Glozah et al. indicated that health and well-being can predict academic success.[13]

Furthermore, one study in Iran showed that there is a significant relationship between place of residence, diploma average score, employment, native, social-economical level, self-esteem, depression, intelligence interest, and educational progress.[14] In addition, the study of Adib-Hajbaghery et al. Showed that there is a significant relationship between academic success and accommodation in dormitory.[15] Academic success is the issue which provide proper background for student's success during and after education.[16] There are various measurement methods for academic success which are mainly presented in objective and subjective field with multitude effective involved factors,[4],[17],[18] which should be considered from different aspects.

Knowing the factors affecting the academic failure of students, who are future prospects and people in each country, can be programmed to help students succeed in acquiring scientific and specialized skills, and they can help with the educational process.[19]

On the other hand, the most important indicator of university performance is student learning. Student education can be used to measure students' learning.[20]

The goal of educational institutions is also to increase the level of academic standing, which itself is an indicator for the promotion of educational goals.[12] According to the fact that majority of previous studies considered educational progress as success criteria and in some society particularly our society, this factors considered as dictated necessity, therefore this study presented with the aim of the assessment of academic success and its associated factors among Tehran Medical Science University students.


  Materials and Methods Top


This study is a cross-sectional study which is conducted among bachelor degree and MD students in Tehran University of Medical Science during the academic year of 2016–2017. The assessed sample in this study was 384 students who are chosen from seven faculties (medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, health, paramedicine, nursery, midwifery, and rehabilitation) with stratified sampling method. The sample size was divided according to number of students in each faculty, randomly. The criterion of entering the study was the willingness to participate in the study. Exit criteria were also unwilling to participate in the study.

Data collection tools were based on academic success questionnaire with 39 items, in Adib-Hajbaghery et al. study[15] with the title of ' Assessing Academic Success and Its Predictors from the Perspective of Nursing Students in Kashan University of Medical Sciences.

The result of Adib-Hajbaghery et al.'s study revealed that Cronbach's alpha coefficients in academic success questionnaire were 76% and scoring question based on the Likert spectrum were ranged from score 1 (completely disagreement) to 4 (completely agree). Validity and reliability approved by the Adib-Hajbaghery et al.'s study. In this questionnaire, item 9, 19, 24, 26, 27, 36, 37, 38, 39 evaluated in reverse mode. The range of score in each section was 39–156. Ten main components of this questionnaire include general academic skills (item 1–7), instructor's effectiveness (item 8–11), career decision (item 12–14), external motivation for the future (item 15–18), trust (item 19–23), personal adjustment (item 24), self-regulation (item 25–27), socializing (item 28–31), intrinsic motivational interest (item 32–36), and lack of anxiety (item 37–39).[15]

The applicable question includes demographic question (age, gender, field study satisfaction, total grade, college degrees, marital status, and place of residence status).

Statistical analysis method

After data collection, the analysis was performed by SPSS (PASW Statistics for Windows, Version 18.0, Chicago: SPSS Inc., USA). Data analysis was applied by descriptive statistics, independent t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient at meaningful level <0.05.

Ethical consideration

This analytical cross-sectional study was approved in Students' Scientific Research Center of TUMS in 2016 by ethic code of IR. TUMS.VCR.REC.1395.1071. In case of participant's willingness and satisfaction, they included in the study and the data were reserved by researcher confidentially, so there is no limitation in ethical consideration.


  Results Top


A total of 384 participants included in this study. The average age of students and standard deviation was 22.23 and 2.38 years, respectively. The age of participants ranged from 18 to 30 years. Female students constituted 245 (63.8%) of the participants, and the rest were males. In this study, 349 (90.9%) of students were single and 35 ((9.1%(were married.

In terms of college degrees, 153 participants (39.8%) were in bachelor degree, and the rest of them were in M.D. Meanwhile, 319 students (83.1%) were satisfy with their field of academic study, 65 (16.9%) were dissatisfied. Majority of participants (210 [54.7%]) live in dormitory, and 174 (45.3%) of them live with their family.

According to coefficient correlation test, there is statistically significant relationship between academic success and average students score. In other words, the more academic success achieved, the more average score earned (r = 0.17, P = 0.001).

Based on the results, there was no difference between genders, residency, and educational status with academic success score (P > 0.05).

It was observed that the average score of academic success in single individuals was higher than married ones (P = 0.016) [Table 1].
Table 1: Comparing the mean score of academic success in terms of gender, marital status, place of residence status, and college degrees in participants

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  Discussion Top


This study assessing academic success rate and related factors among the students. According to coefficient correlation, increasing trend in average scores was observed in case of academic progress. In Sadeghi Movahed et al. study, there was a positive significant relationship between diploma average score and student's educational progress; therefore, it can be said that by studying and focusing more on the courses, one can see an increase in students' grade.

However, in Adib-Hajbaghery et al. study, this statistical significance between academic success and average score not observed. In the present study, the average score of academic success was higher than that in Adib-Hajbaghery et al.[15] and Wharrad et al.[21] studies.

This could be due to different time and place of studies. Although in this study, there is no statistical significance between gender and academic success, the latter rate was higher among male students than female one. Similar to the present study, In the study of Sadeghi Movahed et al.,[14] the academic success rate for male students was higher than that of female students.

However, in terms of academic success, there is no significant statistical relationship neither in male nor in female students. In Mills et al. study[22] male academic success was higher among male students than female one which are in agreement with the result of our study. It should be noted that the reason for the lack of meaning in the students in terms of gender is the same conditions in the university and dormitory.

Various studies found higher academic success among participants who live with their family rather than those who live in dormitory. Some of them are Sadeghi Movahed et al. study,[14] Gheibi et al.[23] and Roudbari and Asl Marz[24] which show significant relationship between place of residence status and academic success compare to students who do not live in dorm obtain academic progress, but in this study, there is no difference between place of residence status and academic success, which is in agreement with Kebria et al. study.[25] It could be mentioned here that these findings may due to the fact that, although the students are far away from their family and live in dormitory condition, they may adjust to dormitory environment with enough time to study their course.

Furthermore, in this study, there is a significant statistic relationship between marital status and academic success which shows single students have more academic success than married students. The reason for this difference can be from the involvement of married people in their lives and professions. The similar results were observed in Emam et al.,[26] Motlagh et al.,[20] Adib-Hajbaghery et al.[15] which show married participants have less academic achievement than single one.

In the present study, there is no significant relationship between college degrees and academic success. There are few studies about academic success among the university students. Some studies demonstrate that students at the graduating years suffer from health disorders due to academic condition and pressure which leads to problems in academic failure.[27],[28] Motivation at the beginning of education and interest in the field of study can the factors that will end in academic success. According to condition and time lapse, academic failure could be observed, which no comparison was possible due to the limited study among medical and paramedical students.

The strength of this study is appropriate sample size which could be generalized to other students. One of the limitations of this study can be self-expression of the questionnaire, since read question causing bias of respondent's mind, and other limitation could be lack of economic situation in the demographic section which could be effective factor on academic success.


  Conclusion Top


Based on the results of the study, it can be said that the academic success status of the students is relatively favorable. Moreover, given the impact of variables, such as marital status and the average, we can say that these factors play a decisive role in the academic success rate of individuals. Therefore, considering the role of the impact of demographic factors on academic success, planners, and policymakers are recommended to consider these factors.

It is also suggested that researchers study the academic success rate with other variables related to educational factors and economic factors.

Acknowledgment

This article is the result of a research project approved by the Students' Scientific Research Center of Tehran University of Medical Sciences with this code: 32088. Furthermore, we appreciate the Students' Scientific Research Center of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, as well as all students who participate and provide their information in this study.

Financial support and sponsorship

This article is the result of research project approved with code of 32087 from Students' Scientific Research Center Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
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