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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 262

Evaluating perceived threat of skin cancer and preventive measures in South Iranian sailors: A qualitative study


1 Department of Health Education and Promotion, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2 Department of Nursing, Research Center for Nursing and Midwifery Care in Family Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Science, Yazd, Iran
3 Departments of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Research Center of Prevention and Epidemiology of Non-communicable Disease, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
4 Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Ahmad Sotoudeh
Department of Health Education and Promotion, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_369_19

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BACKGROUND: Sailors are exposed to sunlight as their job requires and are, in the long run, more prone to different types of skin cancer. This study aimed to explore sailors' experience of perceived threat and to show protective behaviors against sunlight in the south of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present follows a qualitative approach and directed content analysis in 2018–2019 among sailors who were selected purposively through an interview procedure. Finally, 22 sailors and 3 patients with skin cancer with an experience of sailing were interviewed until data satiation occurred. The data were collected through a semi-structured interview based on two constructs, perceived susceptibility and perceived severity of protection motivation theory, and were instantly transcribed and read more than once by the present researcher. Simultaneously, the data were entered into MAXQDA 10 for the primary categorization. RESULTS: Data analysis results were classified into 5 categories and 12 subcategories: protective attempts (change of work time and use of protectives), passivity in self-protection (not showing protective behaviors and not examining skin), inadequate perception of affliction risk (beliefs hindering preventive behaviors and low sensitivity), perceived threat to personal and familial conditions (loss of peace and loss of occupational-familial positions), and threat to health (incurable disease and perceived skin disease). CONCLUSIONS: Awareness of these factors helps planners to choose the best preventive strategies with a focus on correcting beliefs and promoting protective behaviors as well as examining and screening sailors regularly to diagnose skin cancer. Moreover, to develop practical measures of protective strategies against sunlight among sailors, the required steps should be taken. This can help to reduce the rate of work-related risks while exposed to sunlight in this population.


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