Home About us Editorial board Search Browse articles Submit article Instructions Contacts Login 
Users Online: 459
Home Print this page Email this page


Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 24

Determinants of helmet use among health-care providers in urban India: Leveraging the theory of planned behavior

1 Department of Community Medicine, BGS Global Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, East Point College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Intern, BGS Global Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anand D Meundi
Department of Community Medicine, East Point College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Jnana Prabha, East Point Campus, Virgo Nagar Post, Avalahalli, Bengaluru - 560 049, Karnataka
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_182_18

Rights and Permissions

CONTEXT: Wearing helmet during road traffic accidents among motorcycle riders decreases the likelihood of death by 39%. The theory of planned behavior (TPB), a psychological model helps to explain the failure in helmet usage, by assuming a causal chain. The current study was taken up as no studies have elicited the determinants of helmet usage in terms of TPB among health-care providers, the role models for healthful behavior by virtue of their profession in the current urban Indian context. AIMS: The aims of the study were (1) to determine the proportion of proper use of helmets and (2) to identify TPB-related factors and other factors influencing the use of helmets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 147 students and staff of a tertiary health-care center, Bengaluru, using a pretested, validated, semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire. Convenience sampling was used. Hierarchical regression model was used to explain variation in the scores of helmet-use behavior on the basis of TPB variables. P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. RESULTS: About 65% of respondents practiced “proper use” of helmets. Intention, perceived behavioral control (direct), and attitude (indirect) were significant predictors of helmet use (P < 0.05). Mean scores of knowledge on helmet use and behavior showed positive correlation (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Application of TPB in urban Indian context was successful in identifying precursors of helmet use. This study throws a light on the strong influencers of helmet use which can assist policy developers in developing effective programs to successfully promote the “proper use” of helmets.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded109    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal