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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 208

Effect of educational intervention on the knowledge of rabies among medical school students of Chennai

1 Department of Community Medicine, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Kelambakkam, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, DM Wayanad Institute of Medical Sciences, Wayanad, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. M Madhusudan
Department of Community Medicine, DM Wayanad Institute of Medical Sciences, Naseera Nagar, Meppadi P.O., Wayanad - 673 577, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_161_19

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BACKGROUND: Although rabies is highly fatal, with timely and correct postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) of animal bite victims, it could be prevented. Medical school students should be trained about the appropriate rabies management during their formative years so that they put the right practice later on. The study was conducted to assess the knowledge about rabies epidemiology and prophylaxis among medical students and to find the effect of an educational intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study conducted with 156 third academic year medical school students at a tertiary care teaching hospital. The study participants were given health education intervention. A study tool assessed the knowledge of study participants on domains such as epidemiology of rabies, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and PEP, and national program guidelines of rabies prevention. The study tool was administered before and after the intervention. The impact of educational intervention was measured with scores. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was applied to test the difference. RESULTS: The overall total mean pretest total score was 14.9 (±3.7) and posttest score was 22.7 (±3.23) for a maximum score of 29. The mean pretest scores for epidemiology, PrEP and PEP and national program components were 6.09, 7.95, and 0.85 respectively. Likewise, the mean posttest scores were 8.09, 13.26, and 1.35 respectively. There were a statistically significant improvement in the scores after health education intervention. CONCLUSIONS: After educational intervention, there were statistically significant improvement in the scores of all the three domains. PrEP and PEP and national program domain of rabies need to be emphasized during formative years.

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