Home About us Editorial board Search Browse articles Submit article Instructions Contacts Login 
Users Online: 793
Home Print this page Email this page

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11

Can parents' educational level and occupation affect perceived parental support and metabolic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes?


1 Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
2 Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Maryam Hormozi
Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad
Iran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_215_18

Rights and Permissions

BACKGROUND/AIM: Parents have an important role to play in supporting adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Their education and occupation are important factors for the management of this disease. This study aimed to investigate the parental support that Iranian adolescents with T1DM experience and to examine the effect of parents' education and occupation on adolescents' perceived the parental support and metabolic control. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey. The participants were 98 adolescents (aged 11–18 years) with T1DM referred to Endocrinology Clinics of Shahid Rahimi and Shahid Madani hospitals in Khorramabad, Iran, in 2016. For evaluating the adolescents' perceptions of parental support, the family version of Diabetes Social Support Questionnaire was employed. It measures in five diabetic care areas (insulin administration, blood testing, meal planning, exercise, and emotional support). Data were analyzed in SPSS version 22 software using descriptive statistics and inferential tests including Pearson correlation test, ANOVA, and independent t-test. RESULTS: The parents' educational level had a significant relationship with adolescents' perceived parental support and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level (P < 0.05). Occupation of father had no significant influence on his supportive behavior and HbA1c level in adolescents, but mother's occupation significantly influenced them (P < 0.05). In adolescents with higher perceived parental support, the mean HbA1c was lower. CONCLUSIONS: Parents with higher educational level can improve the metabolic control and provide better meal planning in adolescents with T1DM.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed242    
    Printed16    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded39    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal