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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 109

Cardiovascular, respiratory, and total mortality ascribed to PM10and PM2.5exposure in Isfahan, Iran

1 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Environmental Science and Technology Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering and Environmental Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Yaghoub Hajizadeh
Department of Environmental Health Engineering and Environmental Research Center, Faculty of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_166_16

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Background: Air pollution is an important environmental issue due to its proven serious impacts on human health. The aim of this study was to estimate the attribution of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameters of ≤ 2.5 and 10 (PM2.5 and PM10) in the prevalence of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and premature deaths in Isfahan in 2013–2014. Materials And Methods: This descriptive, ecological study was conducted to assess health impacts of PM2.5and PM10on the population using Air Q2.2.3software, suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO). Results: The results showed that the annual mean, winter mean, summer mean, and the 98 percentile of PM10concentration in Isfahan were 108, 100, 116, and 264 μg/m3, respectively. The number of deaths per year related to PM2.5was 670 and that for PM10was 713 cases. The number of annual deaths due to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases attributed to PM10was 316 and 68 cases, respectively. Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that about 44.3% of total annual death due to cardiovascular diseases and 9.55% of that due to respiratory diseases were attributed to PM10exposure. In the other word, residents were exposed to PM2.5and PM10concentrations higher than the WHO guidelines which caused a notable increase in the rate of mortality.

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